Pateh ( or پته in Farsi) is the Persian traditional embroidery art or needlework. It originated in and is largely associated with Kerman province in Iran, where it is produced mainly by women. A wide piece of wool fabric (named Ariz) is needled with colored thread.
Popular designs of Pateh include Paisley (also known as Boteh Jegheh or Boteh), Toranj, the Cypress tree, and the sun, all are traditional pre-Islamic Persian symbols.
Pateh originated and developed in Kerman province. Although its exact origin is unclear, it is assumed that it was influenced by Kerman rug weaving. The oldest pateh is dated back to the 18th century.
Many valuable pateh pieces are held in art museums, particularly in Tehran Museums. The oldest and most valuable pateh is kept in the Astaneh Museum in Mahan, Kerman and dates back to 1294 AH (1877 CE). It was created over the course of three years by twelve women. Governor at that time who was Shahab al-Mulk ordered its creation so that it could be dedicated to the shrine of Shah Nematullah vali, a dervish and poet who was born in Kerman.
Pateh mainly consists of two parts: “shawl” (Ariz) and thread. Ariz is a thick cloth, usually, wool, and the thread that is worked into it is colored wool. Threads are dyed naturally, usually with henna, pomegranate, madder or the walnut’s green husk.
The patterns which are used in Pateh are normally divided into two main groups: “The Paisley” and “The Tree”. One of the most popular patterns consists of four paisleys on the corners and a toranj at the center. Sometimes flower bouquets are being used instead of paisley. Another common design is called mihrab in which an arch is being made on the top of the pateh. However, one of the essential parts in design for pateh is a margin that is typically filled with flowers or different kinds of paisley.
The sewing types in Pateh include SaghehDuzi (stem stitch), Petkduzi (to sew the round of pattern and do the backstitch in this step), BarqDuzi (fishbone stitch) and RouDuzi (cross stitch).